What Should I Do When Gout Attacks?

Update Date: Source: Network

Gout Relief Methods and Dietary Considerations

Gout attacks can be alleviated through cold compresses, analgesic medication, and elevating the lower limbs. Daily dietary intake should also avoid high-purine foods. Gout is associated with excessive intake of high-purine foods, and attacks often occur in the middle of the night, accompanied by significant pain, fever, and other symptoms in the limbs. Severe cases may even lead to mobility issues, requiring prompt treatment.

Here are some gout relief methods:

1. Cold Compresses: During a gout attack, if the affected area exhibits redness, swelling, and heat, cold compresses can be applied to relieve pain. Wrapping ice cubes in gauze can help constrict blood vessels, prevent excessive swelling, and provide pain relief. If ice cubes are unavailable, a wet towel can be used instead.

2. Analgesic Medication: Gout attacks are often accompanied by severe pain, which can interfere with normal walking. Therefore, it is recommended for patients to have analgesics readily available. However, long-term or excessive use of analgesics can be detrimental to liver and kidney function, potentially leading to renal failure or hepatitis.

3. Elevating the Lower Limbs: Many gout patients experience edema in their lower limbs, which can be exacerbated by exposure to cold air. Elevating the lower limbs and placing a protective cover over them can help prevent trauma to the affected area, promote blood flow towards the heart, and alleviate edema and pain.

4. Managing Uric Acid Levels: It is crucial to avoid high-purine foods such as animal organs, seafood, alcoholic beverages, preserved foods, and foods with high sugar and fat content, as they can lead to the production of excessive uric acid. Instead, incorporate foods that can help eliminate uric acid into your diet. Additionally, ensure adequate water intake of at least 2500 milliliters daily to facilitate the excretion of acidic substances through urine.